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国民投票法に最低投票率規定を  

 私は前に述べたように、自民党の96条改正案に賛成である。しかし改憲手続きは慎重かつ公正であるべきだと思っている。現在定められている具体的手続きは第一次安部政権において成立した国民投票法に基づいている。概要は政府広報オンライン総務省のHPにて分かりやすく説明されている。
 
そしてこの国民投票法には様々な問題点があることが指摘されている。長尾詩子弁護士による”国民投票法案「ここが問題」!”というサイトは分かりやすい。
 
問題点があるのならば、そこを修正して行くべきだ。まず最低投票率。国民投票法を改正して、最低投票率の規定を盛り込むべきだと考える。神戸大学・浦部法穂名誉教授は2013年5月2日の朝日新聞紙面において以下のように述べた。
 
例えば投票率4割でギリギリ過半数だったら、全体の2割だけの賛成で済む。国民投票は本来、全有権者の過半数の賛成が必要だ。これは決して過大な要求ではなく、例えば投票率7割で賛成7割ならばほぼこの条件を満たす。
 
そして以下は戦後における衆議院議員総選挙投票率の推移(中選挙区・小選挙区)である。
senkyo[1]
Copyright (C) 2013 The Association For Promoting Fair Elections.
 
2009年民主党政権交代選挙における投票率が69.28%である。憲法改正という重大な案件においては最低でもこれ以上は欲しい。欲を言えばもっと欲しい。ということで私は最低投票率は70%が良いのではないだろうかと思う。投票率70%における過半数であれば有権者全体の35%以上ということになる。改正が承認されるにしても承認されないにしても、積極的な賛成または反対が、35%以上は必要となる。
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category: 法律/憲法

thread: 憲法改正論議 - janre: 政治・経済

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